Back pain happens to be one of the most common reasons people such as, athletes, retirees, university students, adolescents etc go to the doctor or miss work and it is a main cause of disability worldwide.
Fortunately, there are measures that you can take to prevent or alleviate most back pain episodes. If prevention doesn’t work, proper body mechanics and simple home treatment will heal your back pain within few weeks and keep it normal. Unlike other chronic medical conditions, surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.
Causes of back pain
The human body is composed of a complex structure of disks, ligaments, muscles, tendons, and bones, which work together to aid the body and enable us to move around. The segments of the spine are protected with cartilage-like pads called disks. Medical problems with any of these components can lead to back pain.
Back pain can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others
Back pain commonly results from strain, injury or tension. Mentioned below are frequent causes of back pain:
Activities that cause strain or spasm include:
The structural problems that may also result in back pain include:
Kidney problems: Kidney infections or kidney stones can cause back pain
Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can result in problems with the joints in the lower back, hips, and other places. The one that occurs around the spinal cord narrows is known as spinal stenosis.
Osteoporosis: This is a medical condition that causes bones, including the vertebrae of the spine to become porous and brittle that makes compression fractures more likely.
Bulging disks: A bulging disks can lead to more pressure on a nerve
Ruptured disks: Each vertebra in the spine is protected by disks. If the disk ruptured, it will cause more pressure on a nerve, resulting in back pain.
Some everyday activities or poor posture can cause back pain. Examples include:
Other causes of back pain
Some medical conditions that can cause back pain include:
Cancer of the spine: The presence of tumour on the spine may press against a nerve, resulting in back pain.
Shingles: This is an infection that can the nerve, resulting in back pain.
Other infections: Kidney infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, or bladder may also lead to back pain
Infection of the spine: Warm area on the back, or fever could be due to an infection on the spine, which may cause back pain
Symptoms of back pain
The major symptom of back pain is an ache or pain in the back, and sometimes down to the buttocks and legs.
When to see a doctor
If the following symptoms occur, retirees, adolescents, university students etc are advised to see their doctor:
Treatment of back pain
Back pain usually goes away with home remedies and decent rest, but sometimes medical treatment is recommended.
This entails resting from strenuous activities, moving around to ease stiffness, reduce pain, and prevent muscles from weakening.
If home treatments fail in relieving back pain, medical treatment is strongly recommended.
Back pain is rarely treated by surgery. Surgery becomes an option only if a patient has a herniated disk, especially if there is persistent pain and compression of nerve, which can result in muscle weakness.